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Beatriz Nascimento

(Aracajú, Sergipe, Brazil, 1942 – Rio de Janeiro, Brazil, 1995): Historian, scholar, and activist with outstanding participation in Brazil’s Black Movement since the 1960s. Her ideas called for a reconsideration of racial, gender, and territorial politics from the perspective of an Afro-Latina woman. Together with other researchers, she founded the André Rebouças Working Group during her graduate studies at Fluminense University. Her research intervened in the way of writing about Brazilian history, as she focused on issues such as the invisibilization of black women in the public policies of her country. She also elaborated on the concept of quilombos as a sociopolitical unit and ideological front against the colonization present in Brazil by the end of the 18th century and the first half of the 19th century. Some of her essays include "Toward a History of Black Man," "Black Women in the Labor Market," "On Racial Consciousness," and "The Black Man and Racism." She also participated as scriptwriter in the documentary film Ôrí (1989), which narrates the development of black movements in Brazil between 1977 and 1988, based on the historical and poetic research developed by Nascimento; this production aimed at promoting the black national identity, which was almost non-existent at the time.