(Łódź, Poland, 1920 – Rio de Janeiro, Brazil, 2001) Plastic artist, designer, illustrator, and professor. Ostrower emigrated to Brazil in 1934 and took up residence in Nilópolis, where she began studying art at the Fine Arts Association. In 1946, she began studying design at the Brazilian Society of Fine and Graphic Arts of the Getúlio Vargas Foundation, where she also studied metal and wood engraving and art history. In 1955, thanks to a scholarship, she spent a year in New York dedicated to printmaking. Ostrower taught composition and critical analysis at the Museum of Modern Art in Rio de Janeiro. In the 1960s, she taught at the Slade School of Fine Arts in London and in 1964 at Spelman College in Atlanta. After that, she held positions in graduate programs at Brazilian universities, developed technical courses for workers and public institutions, and taught in various organizations. In 2002, the Fayga Ostrower Institute was founded in her memory in Rio de Janeiro, a place devoted to preserving her work and offering creative, visual, and practical research.